Research protocols are codes of conduct to ensure that research practices and methodology used when conducting research relating to Indigenous population is done ethically and responsibly.
Research protocols are code of conducts to ensure that research practices and methodology used when conducting research relating to Indigenous population is done ethically and responsibly. Given the daunting history of the treatment of Indigenous peoples, and in particular, the irresponsible and unethical research practices that were conducted by colonizers in Canada, it is extremely important to ensure that research is done with the utmost respect, with full consent, and highest ethical standards. Additionally, when it comes to conducting research relating to the Indigenous population, especially by those who are non-indigenous, for the researcher to be keenly aware of and make every effort to eliminate personal, professional, and institutional biases, prejudices, and ignorance.
When conducting original research which involves Indigenous peoples, it is important to consider research methodologies. According to Shawn Wilson, an Indigenous research methodology revolves around relational accountability or "answering to all your relations." As a researcher, one has to focus on being accountable to the individual or communities which your research refers to. Research becomes more than just "gaining knowledge in some abstract pursuit' but learning about and fulfilling your obligations to the peoples involved in your research. Wilson also recommends evaluating research methods which includes considering if it will help build respectful relationships with the research participants. Similarly, certain methodologies are a better fit, such as storytelling and narratives (What is an Indigenous Research Methodology?).
Source: What is an Indigenous Research Methodology? (Wilson)
The following are adapted from More Than Personal Communication: Templates for Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers by Lorisia MacLeod (CC BY), and the NorQuest College Library APA 7th Edition Guide (CC BY-NC).
|Reference List Citation||
Last name, First initial. Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. Where they live if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. personal communication. Month Date, Year.
Cardinal, D. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. personal communication. April 4, 2004.
Format (Last name, date)
Example (Cardinal, 2004)
|Works Cited List Citation||
Last name, First name. Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. City/Community they live in if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. Date Month Year.
Cardinal, Delores. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. 4 April 2004.
Format (Last name)
Here are some search tips which may help when you're searching for sources related to Indigenous topics, perspectives, and issues: