Knowledge Use protocols outline appropriate use of Indigenous knowledge, culture, objects, and beliefs. Among the many harmful outcomes of colonization in the Canadian context are the exploitation and misappropriation of Indigenous Peoples’ knowledge, culture, and beliefs.
Indigenous Knowledge (IK) or Traditional Knowledge (TK), is "commonly understood to refer to collective knowledge of traditions used by Indigenous groups to sustain and adapt themselves to their environment over time. This information is passed on from one generation to the next within the Indigenous group. Indigenous Knowledge is unique to Indigenous communities and is rooted in the culture of its peoples. Indigenous Knowledge is usually shared among Elders, healers, or hunters and gatherers, and is passed on to the next generation through [ways such as] ceremonies, stories, [and] teachings" (Assembly of First Nations).
Source: Traditional Knowledge (Assembly of First Nations)
Knowledge Use protocols outline appropriate use of Indigenous knowledge, culture, objects, and beliefs. Among the many harmful outcomes of colonization in the Canadian context are the exploitation and misappropriation of Indigenous Peoples’ knowledge, culture, and beliefs. Thus, it is essential, especially in light of Truth and Reconciliation and in retribution for past wrongs, that the use or reference to Indigenous knowledge and culture be done respectfully, responsibly, and with full consent.
"Indigenous data are any information that is from or about any Indigenous person or their community, territory or nation, including but not limited to their languages, Knowledges, customs or traditions, intellectual property and ideas. Indigenous data are also relational and reciprocal, and need to reflect and be held by the community as a collective, and are equally as important to pass down through generations as a part of lifelong journeys of coming to be" (Indigenous Innovation Initiative).
"Indigenous Data Sovereignty refers to the right of Indigenous peoples to control data from and about their communities and lands, articulating both individual and collective rights to data access and to privacy" (Open Data for Development Network).
Sources: Indigenous Knowledges and Data Governance Protocol (Indigenous Innovation Initiative) | Issues in Open Data - Indigenous Data Sovereignty (Open Data for Development Network)
Oral traditions or oral histories are an important aspect of Indigenous cultures. Through oral traditions, elders can pass down and preserve knowledge, history, and culture to younger generations (Canadian Encyclopedia).
Like many cultures, Indigenous cultures have their own diverse and unique origin or creation stories which explain how people came into the world. Origin stories are shared within the community and passed down to younger generations through oral traditions. It is important to note that although there may be similarities in origin stories, each Indigenous community will have their distinct origin story which reflect their unique history, culture, values, environment, and people.
The Seven Sacred Teachings, Seven Grandfather Teachings, or Seven Sacred Laws revolve around the ideas of respect and sharing, and serve as a foundation for a way of life for the Anishinaabe. There are different versions of these seven teachings passed down through generations. Each teaching is embodied by the spirit of an animal which serves as a reminder to follow and live by the seven teachings.
"There are many versions of medicine wheel teachings. These teachings vary from one community to another but there are some foundational concepts that are similar between the various medicine wheel teachings. For example, Medicine Wheels are usually depicted through four directions but also include the sky, the earth and the centre. For Ojibwe people, the colours are yellow (east), red (south), black (west), white (north), Father Sky (blue), Mother Earth (green) and the self (Centre, purple). The medicine wheel reminds us that everything comes in fours – the four seasons, the four stages of life, the four races of humanity, four cardinal directions, etc." (Elder Susan Manitowabi).
Source: Historical and Contemporary Realities: Movement Towards Reconciliation (Susan Manitowabi)