It's important to recognize that each Indigenous community is unique and will have its own set of worldviews and ways of knowing. This section highlights some of the diverse ways of knowing and worldviews observed in various Indigenous cultures.
"Indigenous pedagogies focus on the development of a human being as a whole person. Academic or cognitive knowledge is valued, but self-awareness, emotional growth, social growth, and spiritual development are also valued. It is a useful for curriculum developers to keep this in mind when creating learning experiences that interweave both Indigenous and Western ways of knowing. For example, Indigenous approaches can be brought to life by providing opportunities for students to reflect on the four dimensions of knowledge (emotional, spiritual, cognitive, and physical) when they engage in learning activities. This may also include allowing students opportunities to challenge dominant ideologies that neglect emotional and spiritual knowledge domains" (Pulling Together: A Guide for Curriculum Developers).
A worldview is a way of thinking or living by a person, a group, or a society. In general, a worldview is a set of values and beliefs that are upheld and respected by individuals. An individual or group's worldview affects how they relate to the people, animals, and other elements of their environment (Understanding Worldviews).
"For First Nations people, the purpose of learning is to develop the skills, knowledge, values, and wisdom needed to honour and protect the natural world and ensure the long term sustainability of life. Learning is portrayed as a holistic, lifelong developmental process that contributes to individual and community well-being. This process is both organic and self-regenerative in nature, and integrates various types of relationships and knowledge within the community" (Canadian Council of Learning).
The model contains four main components. They depict the dynamics that enable First Nations to experience holistic lifelong learning as a purposeful developmental process. The components include (Assembly of First Nations):
The First Peoples Principle of Learning represents an effort to find commonalities among the various First Nations teaching and learning methodologies. This includes: