As a student at the post-secondary level, you will have to write many papers throughout your program. The papers you will write can typically be divided into two categories: scholarly (also known as academic) papers and reflective papers. This module will introduce you to both types of writing, as well as some examples of why you might use these writing styles in your career.
This module can help you write your academic paper. Explore the information on this page to discover the process of planning, writing, and revising your paper.
There are two primary types of writing you will likely be required to do in your post-secondary studies: scholarly writing and reflective writing. Scholarly writing requires you to refer to journal articles or other forms of evidence, while reflective writing requires you to draw from your own experience and feelings. Academic writing ability will also serve you well in your career.
Browse the tabs to learn more about the following academic writing topics:
Scholarly/academic writing requires you to use information from “the literature” (journal articles and other sources of evidence) to write about a topic. If you’re asked to write a scholarly paper, your writing should be similar in style to what you would find in a published scholarly article.
The following are some characteristics of scholarly writing:
A literature review is one type of scholarly writing assignment you will likely have to complete. You may be asked to write a literature review as a stand-alone assignment or as part of a larger assignment or research project.
Literature reviews involve doing the following things:
Watch the video and complete this activity to learn more about literature reviews.
Reflective writing is a process that involves recalling an experience or an event, thinking and deliberating about it, and then writing about it. Reflective writing requires that you think deeply and critically about an experience or a text. At the centre of reflective writing is the “self” – including a deep analysis of yourself in relation to the topic. Watch the video and read the information below to learn more about the strategies for reflective writing in health sciences.
In nursing, reflective writing is part of what is called “reflective practice.” Early in your nursing program, you will become familiar with the College of Nurses of Ontario requirements for nurses to engage in reflective practice; this legislated professional expectation involves an intentional process of reflecting to explore and analyze a clinical experience with the aim of strengthening your practice. You will likely complete many reflective writing assignments throughout your program.
Here are some tips for reflective writing:
Although there are many ways to reflect, one common framework for reflective writing is called LEARN, which was developed by the College of Nurses of Ontario (1996). LEARN is an acronym representing each of the steps in the process (below). To use the LEARN framework, follow this process:
Reflective writing can also be approached as narrative writing in which you engage in personal and professional storytelling. A narrative approach to reflective writing asks you to think about storied elements (e.g., characters, events, setting) of an experience:
As you can see, these types of questions can easily be integrated into the LEARN framework too.
Both scholarly and reflective writing skills will be essential in your working life. As we covered in the Reflective Writing tab, the College of Nurses of Ontario requires nurses to engage in reflective practice, which includes reflective writing. Here are some other types of writing that you may be involved in as a nurse or other health care practitioner:
Write an Academic Paper was created by College Libraries Ontario and is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA. It was developed from the following sources: